U.S. infrastructure has been dangerously neglected, even as it has become more strategically important with climate change, innovation, and China’s rise. At stake is the United States’ military readiness, national resiliency, and global competitiveness.
China is set to host representatives from 17 Central and Eastern European countries for its latest "17+1" summit on February 9, 2020. What is the significance of this unique regional grouping? This collection of CSIS analysis explains the initiative's development and its significance for the region since its announcement in 2012.
Browse our analysis section for news and articles on topics such as China's Belt and Road Initiative (OBOR), the world's evolving digital infrastructure competition, and the stakes for U.S. policy.
In March 2021, CSIS will host a Master’s-level introduction to China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The course will explain what the BRI is, what it is not, and how it is impacting commercial and strategic realities on the ground.
While China learns from past experience and recalibrates the Belt and Road Initiative, it is giving momentum to competing visions for connectivity that will deliver results during 2021 and the years to come.
While China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) writ large has been slowing, a trend that predates the pandemic, its digital dimension is accelerating.
Illiberal regimes use a wide range of tools to undermine democratic institutions, prevent criticism, and establish norms and standards favorable to autocratic rule. In the case of digital information technology, these efforts go beyond shaping norms to controlling the infrastructure that transmits information itself.
The U.S. and Japan now need to think bigger, harder, and in greater unison about how to maximize their collective impact on urgent regional and global challenges. Considering the dramatic rise of China, the two like-minded nations -- the world's largest and third-largest economies -- would be best served by focusing on the top policy challenges facing the Indo-Pacific and world economy in the new COVID-impacted era.
The announcement of U.S. President-elect Joe Biden has led to speculation about the new administration's approach to the $60 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, a flagship project of China's Belt and Road Initiative that has previously been criticized by the U.S. for a lack of transparency.
This paper discusses the geopolitical dynamics of the Indo-Pacific, including the impacts of Covid-19, and emerging foreign policy initiatives, and offers recommendations for how Japan can solidify a comprehensive leadership role in this critical, multipolar region.
Japan, the U.S., and Australia will finance a $30M internet cable connection to Palau, the first three-way cooperation on infrastructure under Japan's Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga aimed at promoting a free and open Indo-Pacific, Nikkei reports.
The U.S. is hosting Indonesian Defense Minister Prabowo Subianto for a five-day trip to Washington, despite a long-standing ban over suspected human rights violations, following calls by U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to build an alliance of like-minded democracies to balance against China. The visit comes amid rising Chinese investment in strategic projects in Indonesia, Nikkei reports.
Chinese President Xi Jinping surprised the world in late September by announcing that China would become carbon neutral by 2060. But this promise will amount to little if Xi's signature foreign policy vision, the Belt and Road Initiative, continues exporting China's environmental challenges globally. China's poor environmental record abroad presents a strategic opportunity for the U.S., if only Washington would seize it.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo would like to institutionalize the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) with Japan, India, and Australia to build out a "true security framework" as a counterweight to China, according to remarks the Secretary made in Tokyo at a gathering of the four countries' foreign ministers, Nikkei reports.
Greece is now considering excluding Huawei from its 5G network, following a recent visit from U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.
The U.S. Department of Justice has requested permission from a federal judge to ban the popular Chinese messaging app WeChat due to national security concerns, Nikkei reports.
This report examines Chinese economic activities in Serbia to shed light on China’s political and economic objectives, its mechanisms for influence, and the implications of its activities, including a second wave of digital infrastructure projects.
U.S. firms Intel and AMD have acquired licenses from the Department of Commerce to continue supplying Huawei amid Washington's crackdowns targeting the Chinese technology company, Nikkei reports.
The U.S. has accelerated efforts to sell U.S. military equipment to Bangladesh in a perceived attempt to balance against China's growing economic influence and infrastructure investment in the South Asian country, Nikkei reports.
China's Ministry of Commerce has issued rules on its proposed list of "unreliable entities" targeting U.S. and other foreign firms and individuals it deems a threat to China's sovereignty and security in response to U.S. bans on Huawei and other Chinese technology companies, Nikkei reports.
U.S. restrictions on sharing technology with Huawei have officially come into effect. As of Monday, September 14, Huawei suppliers that utilize U.S. technology have to obtain a license from the U.S. to continue selling to the China-based company, Nikkei reports.
A state-owned Chinese construction company has been awarded a contract for the Manila metro in spite of U.S. efforts to sanction Chinese SOEs for construction in the South China Sea, Nikkei reports.
Xi Jinping's promise of carbon neutrality by 2060 will amount to little if his signature foreign policy vision, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), continues exporting China’s environmental challenges globally. China’s poor environmental record abroad presents a strategic opportunity for the United States, if only Washington would seize it.
The U.S. has blacklisted one of the Belt and Road Initiative's largest construction companies, the Chinese state-owned enterprise China Communications Construction Co. (CCCC), and its subsidiaries for its role in building artificial islands in the contested waters of the South China Sea, Nikkei reports.
Taiwan has issued a joint declaration with the U.S. announcing its participation in the "Clean Network" initiative to block Chinese technology companies like Huawei from supplying its 5G networks, Nikkei reports.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on Tuesday formally designated China's Huawei and ZTE as threats to U.S. national security, a declaration that bars U.S. firms from tapping an $8.3 billion government fund to purchase equipment from the companies, Nikkei reports.
After meeting with Chinese diplomats in Hawaii, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated that "the tide is turning" against Huawei Technologies as some countries, mainly in Europe, are choosing to exclude the Chinese company from their 5G infrastructure, Nikkei reports.
In competing with China, the United States and its democratic allies should place the free flow of data and an open global digital economy at the heart of their strategy.
To counter new U.S. sanctions targeting Huawei's semiconductor chip suppliers, China has invested state funds in domestic chipmaker Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation to increase self-sufficiency in semiconductor supplies.
South Korean conglomerate Samsung is seeking increased cooperation with Huawei on key technology despite U.S. restrictions and security concerns surrounding the Chinese firm, Nikkei reports.
Major developments, including the Covid-19 pandemic and China’s acceleration of its digital infrastructure push, have heightened the stakes of the global infrastructure challenge for U.S. interests and the necessity of fashioning not merely a response, but its own strategy.
The Covid-19 pandemic and the acceleration of China's digital infrastructure push have heightened the necessity of developing a comprehensive U.S. infrastructure strategy. The U.S. has taken several important steps toward fashioning its own positive vision for global infrastructure, but critical work remains.
The need for greater digital connectivity will be at the forefront of many nations’ agendas following the Covid-19 pandemic. In the U.S., deliberations are underway about a $2 trillion infrastructure program that, if well-designed, could provide a once-in-a-century opportunity for the U.S. to reaffirm its global leadership in the digital infrastructure of the future.
The economic costs of the Covid-19 outbreak may limit the influence of China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), as the virus halts the flow of workers and materials for BRI projects outside of China, Nikkei reports.
Beijing’s willingness to start new international institutions underscores its global ambitions and adds weight to its rhetoric about creating an alternative order, but it would be a mistake to exaggerate their current scale and effectiveness.
As the U.S. considers tightening export controls on Huawei, the company warned that such action could trigger a similar response against U.S. companies by the Chinese government, Nikkei reports.
The Blue Dot Network (BDN)—an effort by the United States, Japan, and Australia to promote high-quality global infrastructure—holds promise and should be encouraged, but many unanswered questions about its implementation will need to be addressed for the initiative to achieve its desired impact.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo promised "a million dollars of assistance to increase trade and connectivity between Uzbekistan and Afghanistan," during a visit to Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Meanwhile, China's presence in Central Asia is growing, in part due to heavy investment in the region's infrastructure development through its Belt and Road Initiative, Nikkei reports.
Considering the risk of a potential U.S. ban over security concerns, Huawei is prioritizing inventory for its most strategic 4G and 5G routers, switches and base stations and stockpiling on supplies, Nikkei reports.
U.S. officials announced the launch of the "Blue Dot Network" at the Indo-Pacific Business Forum in collaboration with Japan and Australia. The network will help the U.S. counter China's Belt and Road Initiative by advancing quality infrastructure investment.
Questions of economic development, military power projection, political influence, and global economic suzerainty form the backdrop for what is emerging as a global competition centered on the most economically dynamic region of the world—Asia. And infrastructure development is at the center of that contest.
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) will vote in November on whether to classify Huawei and ZTE as a national security risk, a decision that could block U.S. rural carriers from using FCC funding to purchase Huawei products or services.
A provincial government in the Solomon Islands has leased the island of Tulagi to China Sam Enterprise Group, a technology, investment, and energy conglomerate. The agreement grants the conglomerate wide-ranging powers to develop infrastructure on Tulagi and the surrounding islands and has drawn criticism from Solomons Attorney General as well as officials in the U.S. and Taiwan due to debt and legal concerns.
In light of an increasingly dominant Chinese space program under China's Belt and Road Initiative, the newly created Australian Space Agency has invested $150 million AUD to bolster cooperation with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Nikkei reports.
Germany has released its draft security guidelines for new 5G network suppliers which do not exclude Chinese companies, despite U.S. warnings that it will have to reconsider intelligence sharing with allies that use equipment from Chinese manufacturer Huawei, Nikkei reports.
The U.S. has blacklisted over 20 percent of Huawei's global R&D and innovation centers, further limiting the company's access to U.S. technologies, Nikkei reports.
A proposed $10 trillion "Development Green New Deal" recently put forward in the U.S. would fund green infrastructure projects in Asia and elsewhere that could compete with China's Belt and Road Initiative, Nikkei reports.
An Australian and U.S. consortium are in exclusive talks to renovate the Subic Bay shipyard in the Philippines, a former U.S. naval base that opens up to the South China Sea, allaying fears over national security that were triggered by Chinese interest in acquiring the port, Nikkei reports.
A senior Pentagon official has suggested that China may be developing a military presence at Ream naval base in Cambodia, raising concerns that the port and other investments related to China's Belt and Road Initiative could create potential military advantages, Nikkei reports.
If the United States and its allies want to prevent China from dominating next-generation technologies and networks, they must incentivize Western companies to take greater risks in next-generation markets.