On April 25, China will convene leaders from 37 countries for the second Belt and Road Forum in Beijing. Here is some of Reconnecting Asia's top research and analysis of China's Belt and Road Initiative ahead of the summit.

Essential Reading



The Higher Road: Forging a U.S. Strategy for the Global Infrastructure Challenge, by Matthew P. Goodman and Daniel F. Runde, CSIS, April 23, 2019

China's Belt and Road Initiative: Five Years Later, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Congressional Testimony, January 25, 2018

The Scramble for Eurasia: New Connections Are Reshaping the Eurasian Supercontinent, by Matthew P. Goodman and Jonathan E. Hillman, The National Interest, August 22, 2017

A Great Game for the Twenty-first Century



Influence and Infrastructure, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, January 22, 2019

The World, Built by China, by Derek Watkins, K.K. Rebecca Lai, and Keith Bradsher, The New York Times, November 26, 2018

A Chinese World Order, by Jonathan E. Hillman, The Washington Post, July 24, 2018

Ports Under Heaven, by Devin Thorne and Ben Spevack, CSIS, May 3, 2018

The Return of Marco Polo's World, CSIS Event, March 12, 2018

Where Does China's Belt and Road Go?, by Dr. Kerry Brown, September 11, 2017

The Scramble for Eurasia: New Connections Are Reshaping the Eurasian Supercontinent, by Matthew P. Goodman and Jonathan E. Hillman, The National Interest, August 22, 2017

China's Eurasian Century: Political and Strategic Implications of the Belt and Road Initiative, CSIS Event, August 17, 2017

China to Shape International Trade via Belt and Road, by Tony Padilla, July 19, 2017

China’s “Belt and Road” Initiative Must Become a Strategy, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, May 9, 2017

President Xi Jinping's "Belt and Road" Forum, by Christopher K. Johnson, Matthew P. Goodman, & Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, May 9, 2017

A Silk Road for the Twenty-First Century? A Good Idea, Blown Out of Proportion, by Dr. Thomas Fingar, November 1, 2016

OBOR's Emerging Political Economy: The Challenges of Promoting Connectivity in Central Asia and Beyond, by Dr. Alexander Cooley, October 25, 2016

Getting in the Game: BRI and the United States



The Higher Road: Forging a U.S. Strategy for the Global Infrastructure Challenge, by Matthew P. Goodman and Daniel F. Runde, CSIS, April 23, 2019

The Higher Road: Forging a U.S. Strategy for the Global Infrastructure Challenge, CSIS Event, April 23, 2019

Calibrating a U.S. Infrastructure Strategy for the Indo-Pacific, by Dr. Jeffrey Wilson, Perth USAsia Centre, March 5, 2019

How the U.S. Is Countering China's Global Push, by Niharika Mandhana, The Wall Street Journal, November 15, 2018

Report to Congress: Recommendations on Belt and Road, by the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, November 15, 2018

All Rise? Belt and Road Court Is in Session, by Jonathan E. Hillman and Matthew P. Goodman, The Financial Times, July 26, 2018

Asia’s Infrastructure Contest: Quantity vs. Quality, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, April 17, 2018

Report Launch: China's Maritime Silk Road, CSIS Event, April 16, 2018

How Big is China's Belt and Road?, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, April 3, 2018

China's Belt and Road Initiative: Five Years Later, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Congressional Testimony, January 25, 2018

China's Maritime Silk Road: Strategic and Economic Implications for the Indo-Pacific Region, by Michael J. Green et al., CSIS, April 3, 2018

Belt & Road in Europe



As China Expands Belt and Road in Europe, Its Promise Could Diminish, by Jonathan E. Hillman, April 12, 2019

Will China’s ‘16+1’ Format Divide Europe?, by Jonathan E. Hillman and Maesea McCalpin, April 11, 2019

Much Ado about BRI Agreements, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Axios, March 21, 2019

With Italy's Endorsement, Belt and Road Initiative Could Divide The EU, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Axios, March 6, 2019

European Fault Lines and Chinese Crossroads, by Jens Bastian, CSIS, January 9, 2019

China’s Expanding Presence in Southeast Europe, by Jens Bastian, CSIS, December 19, 2018

China's Growing Influence in the Balkans, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Nikkei Asian Review, July 5, 2018

Europe Should Support China-CEE Cooperation, by Dr. Chen Xin, CSIS, December 19, 2017

Belt & Road is Back on the Rails in Eastern Europe, by Maesea McCalpin, CSIS, December 12, 2017

China's "16+1" Equals Much Ado About Nothing?, by Jan Gaspers, CSIS, December 5, 2017

China's 16+1 Poses Few Risks to Europe, by Dr. Justyna Szczudlik, CSIS, November 30, 2017

China's Gateway to Europe Raises Questions, by Agatha Kratz, CSIS, November 28, 2017

China's Balkan Silk Road, by Dr. Jens Bastian, CSIS, November 20, 2017

A Work in Progress



China’s Second Belt and Road Forum, by Matthew P. Goodman and Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, April 24, 2019

China's Clean Energy Challenge, by Edmund Downie, CSIS, April 9, 2019

China's Vision for a Global Grid, by Edmund Downie, CSIS, February 13, 2019

The Blue Belt and Road: China’s Belt and Road and the World’s Water Resources, by Scott Moore, CSIS, February 6, 2019

Corruption Flows along China's Belt and Road, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Nikkei Asian Review, January 18, 2019

It's a (Debt) Trap!, by Dylan Gerstel, CSIS, October 29, 2018

China's Belt and Road at Five, CSIS Event, October 3, 2018

Special Report: China's Belt and Road Initiative, The Financial Times, September 25, 2018

Experts React: China's Belt and Road Initiative Turns Five, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Jane Nakano, and Taiya Smith, CSIS, September 25, 2018

BRI Becomes Unclear, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Nikkei Asian Review, September 14, 2019

China's Belt and Roller Coaster, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Nikkei Asian Review, September 14, 2018

China's Belt and Road Is Full of Holes, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, September 5, 2018

The Belt and Road’s Biggest Impact: Small, High-Risk Markets, by Christian Zhang, CSIS, May 29, 2018

Game of Loans: How China Bought Hambantota, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, April 2, 2018

Is China's Belt and Road Working?, by Go Yamada and Stefania Palma, The Banker, March 28, 2018

The Belt and Road's Barriers to Participation, by Jonathan E. Hillman, Nikkei Asian Review, February 7, 2018

OBOR on the Ground: Evaluating China's "One Belt, One Road" Initiative at the Project Level, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, November 30, 2016

The Digital Silk Road



China’s Digital Silk Road and Southeast Asia, by Brian Harding, CSIS, February 19, 2019

China's Digital Silk Road, CSIS event, February 5, 2019

Belt & Road Bolsters China's Technological Clout, by Kenny Liew, CSIS, September 24, 2018

China's Eurasian Land Bridge



Linking the Eurasian Economic Union and China's Belt and Road, by Oleg Remyga, CSIS, November 9, 2018

China's Shrewd Bet on Intercontinental Rail, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, March 28, 2018

The Rise of China-Europe Railways, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, March 6, 2018

Driving China's Silk Road Economic Belt, by Charles Stevens, CSIS, November 5, 2018

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor



Why Did China Refuse To Bail Out Pakistan, by Adnan Aamir, CSIS, November 29, 2018

Mapping the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor’s Environmental Impacts, by Eunji Oh, CSIS, June 29, 2018

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: Three Years Later, by Arif Rafiq, CSIS, February 12, 2018

Mapping the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, by Usman Mohammad, CSIS, October 4, 2017

China’s Strategic Gateway to the Indian Ocean, by Lieutenant General PK Singh (Retired), CSIS, May 24, 2017

Mishandled China-Pakistan Economic Corridor Could Misfire, by Jonathan E. Hillman, CSIS, April 14, 2017

Mapping CPEC’s Risky Terrain, by Eun Kyung DuBois, CSIS, December 14, 2016